Baldness in man is something that is very common nowadays. This male baldness can start anywhere between the age of 20 to 40, because of various reasons. The actual causes of male baldness are not known, but it’s been said that both hormones and genetics play a significant part in male pattern baldness.
It is thought that the same hormones that promote hair growth in men are responsible for male pattern baldness. It is those men who have hair follicles that are more genetically predisposed to male hair loss who are most likely to suffer from changes in hormone levels.
Male pattern baldness is better known as androgenetic alopecia or MPB. It is the most common form of hair loss in men and can be identified with a receding hairline and thinning hair in the crown. Practically 90% of men suffer from this by the age of 50 because of genetics and hormonal function.
Testosterone induces baldness in some men
Androgens, or more specifically, dihydrotestosterone (DHT) is the hormone most related to male pattern baldness. This androgen attaches to the receptor cells found in the scalp and hair follicles to interrupt and interact with the normal growth process of normal, healthy hair.
Men who tend to have a pattern of baldness usually have lower levels of testosterone and a higher level of DHT in their body. Other factors that contribute to male pattern baldness are lifestyle factors and terminal illness.
Male pattern baldness starts with hair loss on the hairline, to recede into an ‘M’ shape with the hair at the crown thinning to meet the receding hairline. This will then create a horseshoe pattern of hair on the sides of the head. It is this pattern that has given this form of balding the name pattern baldness.
However, there are other diseases like alopecia areata and folliculitis that give similar balding patterns which require other treatments; so don’t diagnose these cases as male pattern baldness.
Treatment options for male pattern baldness
There are various treatment options for treating male pattern baldness like the drugs finasteride and minoxidil, and surgical procedures like hair transplantation. Men suffering from male hair loss also prefer using the services of companies like Bosley to perform hair transplant surgeries so that they get permanent restoration of hair.
Propecia and Rogaine are drugs used to treat male pattern baldness and are more effective in slowing hair loss than promoting hair growth. However, unlike hair transplantation, these drugs don’t offer a permanent solution for male pattern baldness.
On the contrary, hair transplantation is effective in treating male pattern baldness where the healthy hair from bald resistant areas is transplanted to the balding areas. This hair restoration option has grown in popularity over the years because of the increase in the effectiveness of the procedure, and its results.